White American empire transformed Minnesota into an agricultural and extraction-based economy that uprooted Dakota from their traditional homelands.
In revisiting approaches to Native American agency, suffering, aggression and violence, Ned Blackhawk’s Violence over the Land: Indians and Empires in the Early American West and Pekka Hämäläinen’s The Comanche Empire have provided readers and historians with new critical windows into the long Amerindian past, one inflected by a succession of transformative encounters with outsiders.
As the generation that built the system that promoted peace in Europe fades away, we find ourselves struggling to maintain those institutions. This is in large part because we forget too easily that their original and true purpose was not the sacrifice of national identity at the altar of economic integration. The purpose was peace.
The emphasis on the purity of women and an obsession with controlling sexual urges that creates ideas like the Billy Graham Rule are apparent in The Handmaid’s Tale, where the agency of the Handmaids has been stripped from them and their sanctioned sexual encounters are limited ritualized sessions in order to produce children.